Map. History of Syria conflict

18 December 2017
Military equipment was delivered to the SDF right after CENTCOM General Votel had visited Kobani today, Syria.9 月 前
Military equipment was delivered to the SDF right after CENTCOM General Votel had visited Kobani today, Syria.
9 月 前
Turkish artillery is targeting SDF/YPG-held Tall Rifaat and its surrounding areas tonight, Aleppo Governorate, Syria.
9 月 前
[email protected]_usa: In besieged East Ghouta, 31 dialysis patients are in various stages of kidney failure. The siege must be lifted now.
9 月 前
"We'll quit Raqqa and fight in Manbij if Turkey/FSA attacks," YPG officials tell US military, Syria.
9 月 前
SDF/YPG takes control of Abu Khashab village.
Qaboun tonight. Damascus. Syria.9 月 前
Qaboun tonight. Damascus. Syria.
Qabasin under Euphrates Shield control today9 月 前
Qabasin under Euphrates Shield control today
SAA captured a hill where overlooks directly Rashideen area Western Aleppo9 月 前
SAA captured a hill where overlooks directly Rashideen area Western Aleppo
9 月 前
Pentagon provided intelligence for Iraq's air raid on Da'ish in Syria
Al-Bonyan al-Marsous Operation Room released pics of an Omar missile which had destroyed 9 月 前
Al-Bonyan al-Marsous Operation Room released pics of an Omar missile which had destroyed "Muawiya School" barrier, Daraa, Syria.
Russian military polices arrived the Damascus CS9 月 前
Russian military polices arrived the Damascus CS
9 月 前
Qaboun is under intense aerial and artillery attacks by the Syrian Government tonight, Damascus, Syria.
The Free Syrian Army Central Division destroyed with a TOW a Kornet launcher in Braideej, north-west Hama, Syria.9 月 前
The Free Syrian Army Central Division destroyed with a TOW a Kornet launcher in Braideej, north-west Hama, Syria.
9 月 前
Local sources reported that SAA captured Manazir al Safr and Al Kitah villages / There is no official statement
CENTCOM General Votel visited Kobani and the SDF Raqqa front today and discussed the Raqqa operation and preparations with SDF commanders, Syria.9 月 前
CENTCOM General Votel visited Kobani and the SDF Raqqa front today and discussed the Raqqa operation and preparations with SDF commanders, Syria.
9 月 前
Reports from Military Sources and Activists say that Euphrates Shield and Turkish Army will move on Manbij in the next few days
Footage: Heavy clashes in the city of Daraa earlier today as the Syrian Army clash with Syrian Rebels in al-Manshiya district, Syria.9 月 前
Footage: Heavy clashes in the city of Daraa earlier today as the Syrian Army clash with Syrian Rebels in al-Manshiya district, Syria.
9 月 前
IS claims suicide attack near Syria's Al-Bab
9 月 前
Russia says will veto proposed Syria sanctions over chemical weapons
Celebrations inside Al-Bab after expulsion of ISIS by #EuphratesShield forces.9 月 前
Celebrations inside Al-Bab after expulsion of ISIS by #EuphratesShield forces.
CJTFOIR - 17 strikes near Raqqa  and  1 near AlBab in support of #WrathOfEuphrates & #EuphratesShield forces vs IS.9 月 前
CJTFOIR - 17 strikes near Raqqa and 1 near AlBab in support of #WrathOfEuphrates & #EuphratesShield forces vs IS.
Syria: Southern Front (FSA) rebels continue to clash with Daesh affiliates on the outskirts of Jalin9 月 前
Syria: Southern Front (FSA) rebels continue to clash with Daesh affiliates on the outskirts of Jalin
Syria: Southern Front (FSA) rebels continue to clash with Daesh affiliates on the outskirts of Jalin
Liwa al-Aqsa had planted scores of mines, now progressively dismantled. Example from Tall as-Sayyad region, Syria.9 月 前
Liwa al-Aqsa had planted scores of mines, now progressively dismantled. Example from Tall as-Sayyad region, Syria.
IS claims the SVBIED attack this morning in Sousian, claiming that all the victims were FSA/TSK soldiers.9 月 前
IS claims the SVBIED attack this morning in Sousian, claiming that all the victims were FSA/TSK soldiers.
FSA Jaysh al-Nasr released a statement with the names of its 71 fighters & officers who were executed 10 days ago by Liwa al-Aqsa in south Idlib countryside, Syria.9 月 前
FSA Jaysh al-Nasr released a statement with the names of its 71 fighters & officers who were executed 10 days ago by Liwa al-Aqsa in south Idlib countryside, Syria.
9 月 前
Turkey says Al-Bab completely captured from jihadists
9 月 前
West Aleppo: Rebels destroyed a tank on Suq Al-Jibs front.
9 月 前
Sources close to the Syrian Foreign Ministry have confirmed Iraq's air raid inside Syria was approved by Damascus.
9 月 前
At least 8 people killed in a 2nd ISIS car bomb in Sousian.
9 月 前
East Aleppo.SAA Tiger forces take control Manazer al-Jaraf from ISIS.
9 月 前
Syria activists say 2nd car bomb has exploded near Syrian town Al Bab captured from IS, killing at least 8
Footage: Widespread destruction after Syrian government shelling on Qaboun with artillery and rockets, Damascus, Syria.9 月 前
Footage: Widespread destruction after Syrian government shelling on Qaboun with artillery and rockets, Damascus, Syria.
9 月 前
UN monitors: At least 300 civilians died in the Turkish-led al-Bab campaign, mostly from airstrikes but also from IEDs, Aleppo Governorate, Syria.
Iraq Joint Operations released a video of the airstrike that targeted ISIS in Syria which was ordered by PM @HaiderAlAbadi9 月 前
Iraq Joint Operations released a video of the airstrike that targeted ISIS in Syria which was ordered by PM @HaiderAlAbadi
Iraq's Air Force has already conducted airstrikes inside Syrian territory. Da'ish in Albu Kamal was successfully struck.9 月 前
Iraq's Air Force has already conducted airstrikes inside Syrian territory. Da'ish in Albu Kamal was successfully struck.
9 月 前
Iraq PM: "ISIS positions in Syria Albu Kamal have been targeted because they are responsible for the latest attacks in Baghdad"
9 月 前
Iraqi prime minister says Iraq's air force has carried out first airstrikes on IS targets inside Syria
Raqqa: Silos overlooking main ISIS defense line (double barrier) wiped out last month by airstrikes.9 月 前
Raqqa: Silos overlooking main ISIS defense line (double barrier) wiped out last month by airstrikes.
Early in the morning SDF captured 4 more villages in East Raqqa: Berdan Xerbî, Fenan Şerqî, Tiyûs and Til Zihmaq.9 月 前
Early in the morning SDF captured 4 more villages in East Raqqa: Berdan Xerbî, Fenan Şerqî, Tiyûs and Til Zihmaq.
Iraq joint operations officially announce that Counter Terrorism units have stormed AlMamun the first district in west Mosul9 月 前
Iraq joint operations officially announce that Counter Terrorism units have stormed AlMamun the first district in west Mosul
Ahrar al Sham near Eastern Ghouta frontlines9 月 前
Ahrar al Sham near Eastern Ghouta frontlines
Raqqa: nothing left of Military Housing inside former Division 17.9 月 前
Raqqa: nothing left of Military Housing inside former Division 17.
9 月 前
Iraqı Air Force begins airstrikes in Syria
9 月 前
Two Turkish soldiers among the killed in Suseyan car bomb blast
9 月 前
Abadi: I authorize Iraqi air forces to pound ISIL inside Syria.
9 月 前
Two Turkish soldiers killed in attack in Al-Bab: Turkey PM
9 月 前
Syrian Rebels have foiled a 3rd attempt by pro-Syrian Government forces to advance towards "Journalist Housing" in West Aleppo, Syria.
9 月 前
42 dead in attack on rebels outside Syria's Al-Bab: new toll
9 月 前
Car bomb on Turkey-backed Syrian rebels kills 41, mostly civilians: sources
9 月 前
Turkey's army chief visits Syrian border as its backed forces in Syria liberate Al-Bab from ISIS control.
Aleppo: Destruction caused by the Explosion of VBIED in Sosian town9 月 前
Aleppo: Destruction caused by the Explosion of VBIED in Sosian town
Aleppo: Destruction caused by the Explosion of VBIED in Sosian town
Fighter planes continue targeting parts of Daraa, killing/injuring many. SCD teams are on alert for search & rescue operations.9 月 前
Fighter planes continue targeting parts of Daraa, killing/injuring many. SCD teams are on alert for search & rescue operations.
9 月 前
At least 29 killed in a suicide car bombing at a checkpoint in al-Bab
FSA at Bzaah, East to Al-Bab9 月 前
FSA at Bzaah, East to Al-Bab
SDF-YPG is aimed to Al Jezrah town9 月 前
SDF-YPG is aimed to Al Jezrah town
9 月 前
12 were killed in Daesh suicide bombing attack on Sousan North-West to Al-Bab
9 月 前
Death toll in Sousiyan village car bomb: 45 civilians killed. Aleppo
9 月 前
A suicide bombing killed 15 people in the Syrian city al-Bab
9 月 前
Tadif: Clashes at outskirts not over
9 月 前
17 US airstrikes on Tabqa airbase near Raqqa
ISIL car bomb Targeted FSA and Civilians in the village of Sousyan in the northwest of Albab result of many casualties9 月 前
ISIL car bomb Targeted FSA and Civilians in the village of Sousyan in the northwest of Albab result of many casualties
Russian soldiers are ready to be deployed at Serghaya North of Damascus as a military police. Syria9 月 前
Russian soldiers are ready to be deployed at Serghaya North of Damascus as a military police. Syria
9 月 前
FSA Take Over Last AlBab Suburb Tadef South Of Highway
#EuphratesShield (Army of Suleyman Shah) commander giving a short speech  and  unit celebrating the victory over IS in AlBab.9 月 前
#EuphratesShield (Army of Suleyman Shah) commander giving a short speech and unit celebrating the victory over IS in AlBab.
Syrian Rebel group Liwa al-Hurriya announces that 17 of its fighters were killed in a Russian Airstrike today on one of its sites in southern Aleppo, Syria.9 月 前
Syrian Rebel group Liwa al-Hurriya announces that 17 of its fighters were killed in a Russian Airstrike today on one of its sites in southern Aleppo, Syria.
9 月 前
Qaboun was pounded today by heavy IRAMs (Volcano Rockets). It seems a ground offensive is now imminent, Damascus, Syria.
A report by a Syrian reporter on the ground: Until now, no serious military operation has started on Qaboun, Damascus, Syria.9 月 前
A report by a Syrian reporter on the ground: Until now, no serious military operation has started on Qaboun, Damascus, Syria.
9 月 前
No ground operation has been launched at this moment in Qaboun as was previously reported, only more rockets and missiles, Damascus, Syria.
9 月 前
Al-Bonyan al-Marsous Op. Room repelled a counter-attack by pro-Syrian Gov forces on the eastern part of al-Manshiyah district in Daraa City. The Op. room also states that the SyAF and the RuAF have carried out 300+ airstrikes since the start of the Syrian Rebel offensive on al-Manshiyah district in Daraa City 11 days ago, Syria.
9 月 前
Wrath of the Euphrates announces that between the 16th-23rd of February, the SDF/YPG had taken control of 37 villages + 102 farms in an area of 1664 km2 in Raqqa-Deir ez-Zor provinces, Syria.
9 月 前
SAA launched ground operation in Qaboun of Damascus. Heavy clashes are ongoing
Footage: Today Turkmen Commander Firas Pasha was in the front line for fighting against ISIS9 月 前
Footage: Today Turkmen Commander Firas Pasha was in the front line for fighting against ISIS
9 月 前
SDF sources deny news that John McCain has offered opening a 20km corridor from Tel Abyad to Raqqa
Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham in a statement declares the war on the unofficial IS-affiliate Liwa al-Aqsa as over after its withdrawal to IS territory. HTS also claims in the statement that they will continue to 'hunt down Khawarij (IS) cells' so as to maintain safety and security, Syria.9 月 前
Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham in a statement declares the war on the unofficial IS-affiliate Liwa al-Aqsa as over after its withdrawal to IS territory. HTS also claims in the statement that they will continue to 'hunt down Khawarij (IS) cells' so as to maintain safety and security, Syria.
Footage: This morning from Al-Bab; clash between Turkmen Muntasir Billah Brigade and ISIS9 月 前
Footage: This morning from Al-Bab; clash between Turkmen Muntasir Billah Brigade and ISIS
Footage of the Syrian Republican Guard and Syrian Army operations against Daesh fighters in the Deir Ez Zor cemetery9 月 前
Footage of the Syrian Republican Guard and Syrian Army operations against Daesh fighters in the Deir Ez Zor cemetery
Russian Air Force precision strike on a reinforced Daesh position in the Deir Ez Zor cemetery killing 30+ fighters today9 月 前
Russian Air Force precision strike on a reinforced Daesh position in the Deir Ez Zor cemetery killing 30+ fighters today
CJTFOIR - 7 strikes near Raqqa  and  4 near AlBab in support of WrathOfEuphrates & EuphratesShield forces vs IS.9 月 前
CJTFOIR - 7 strikes near Raqqa and 4 near AlBab in support of WrathOfEuphrates & EuphratesShield forces vs IS.
Euphrates Shield photo from Qabasin, North-East to Al-Bab9 月 前
Euphrates Shield photo from Qabasin, North-East to Al-Bab
9 月 前
Asaad Hanna "member of the HNC delegation". "We will attend the opening as the primary and only opposition delegation #GenevaTalks
Euphrates Shield forces controls Qabasin town - statement9 月 前
Euphrates Shield forces controls Qabasin town - statement
9 月 前
Euphrates Shield forces in Bzaah, North Aleppo
Euphrates Shield forces in Bzaah, North Aleppo
ISIS published video of fighting in South-West Daraa9 月 前
ISIS published video of fighting in South-West Daraa
First picture of #EuphratesShield forces inside Bzaah. Geolocated in middle of main street.9 月 前
First picture of #EuphratesShield forces inside Bzaah. Geolocated in middle of main street.
9 月 前
SOHR: number of FSA prisoners executed by Jund al-Aqsa reached 172 in Hama and Idleb
Ka-28 from Syrian Navy dropping full load of dumb bombs over Rebel-held Daraa.9 月 前
Ka-28 from Syrian Navy dropping full load of dumb bombs over Rebel-held Daraa.
9 月 前
Free Syrian Army starts combing the town of Qabasin north al-Bab city eastern countryside of Aleppo
RuAF Su-30 in Lattakia sky9 月 前
RuAF Su-30 in Lattakia sky
9 月 前
Qabasin is under FSA/Turkish army control
9 月 前
#Genevatks: The HNC delegation refuse to attend for the talks if there's several tables in opposition side, we need it one table
9 月 前
ISIS admits losing Syria's Al-Bab, last stronghold in Aleppo province, says Amaq. Says 400 Turks and rebels killed in 104-day battle
9 月 前
On Foreign Fighters, +120 countries supplied 45,000 to just Syria and Iraq, says @GenDunford for ISIS, alQaida and othergroups
9 月 前
ISIS Retreated From Tadef And Bzzah And Qabasin Too. Euphrates Shield Forces Took Control Of Bzzah
Bzaah is under #EuphratesShield control.9 月 前
Bzaah is under #EuphratesShield control.
SyAAF Su-22 over Damascus today9 月 前
SyAAF Su-22 over Damascus today
5 Airstrikes targeted residential neighborhoods in Harasta city no casualties reported.9 月 前
5 Airstrikes targeted residential neighborhoods in Harasta city no casualties reported.
9 月 前
The international coalition targeted south Tabqa city in several airstrikes
Geolocation by @miminas999: Turkish airstrikes on Al the Freedom Square9 月 前
Geolocation by @miminas999: Turkish airstrikes on Al the Freedom Square
Geolocation by @miminas999: Turkish airstrikes on Al the Freedom Square
9 月 前
About 37 fighters of Daesh killed today in Albab the remain fighters escaped to Tadef or hide in buildings
Clashes in Northern Latakia9 月 前
Clashes in Northern Latakia
[False report] Reports ISIS launched large counter-attack West of Palmyra  and  took back locations recently lost on ~15 km along main road to city9 月 前
It's fake
[False report] Reports ISIS launched large counter-attack West of Palmyra and took back locations recently lost on ~15 km along main road to city
Drone footage: alBab after its liberation by Euphrates Shield9 月 前
Drone footage: alBab after its liberation by Euphrates Shield
Drone footage: alBab after its liberation by Euphrates Shield
9 月 前
Assad artillery fires 2 artillery shells targeting Saqba City no casualties reported.
9 月 前
About 8 NATO ships near beside Russian naval task force off Syria, their behaviour was unfriendly - military tell Putin
#EuphratesShield forces securing civilians in Al-Bab while reports a 2nd car bomb left by ISIS uncovered.9 月 前
#EuphratesShield forces securing civilians in Al-Bab while reports a 2nd car bomb left by ISIS uncovered.
RUAF Tu-154 85594 probably escorted fighters from #Latakia to mainland Russia9 月 前
RUAF Tu-154 85594 probably escorted fighters from #Latakia to mainland Russia
North Latakia: Ahrar Al-Sham destroyed with a Fagot a position with several pro-Assad in Jebal Turkman.9 月 前
North Latakia: Ahrar Al-Sham destroyed with a Fagot a position with several pro-Assad in Jebal Turkman.
Turkish backed FSA fighters inside Albab city9 月 前
Turkish backed FSA fighters inside Albab city
9 月 前
To solve the conflict in Syria it's important that there be no interference from outside - Putin.
Demining squads started working in al-Bab after Euphrates Shield forces took control of the city today9 月 前
Demining squads started working in al-Bab after Euphrates Shield forces took control of the city today
Daraa: Russian Warplanes bombard Daraa Al-Balad neighborhoods9 月 前
Daraa: Russian Warplanes bombard Daraa Al-Balad neighborhoods
Daraa: Russian Warplanes bombard Daraa Al-Balad neighborhoods
9 月 前
Russian aircrafts hit Research Center West to Aleppo, casualties reported
North Latakia: FSA First Coastal Division shelling government positions with a 130mm cannon.9 月 前
North Latakia: FSA First Coastal Division shelling government positions with a 130mm cannon.
Syria: government warplanes are dropping bombs a over Daraa this morning, turning the city into rubble9 月 前
Syria: government warplanes are dropping bombs a over Daraa this morning, turning the city into rubble
9 月 前
Syrian Army Advance in Al-Zahraa West Aleppo and control of several buildings
Syria: FSA rebels holds up a flag on top of the Rai roundabout on the northern edge of al-Bab which was seized today9 月 前
Syria: FSA rebels holds up a flag on top of the Rai roundabout on the northern edge of al-Bab which was seized today
9 月 前
Syria’s al-Bab almost under full control: Turkish defense minister
SDF captured 3 villages: Azman, Belesh and Fernam Xerbi. Raqqa9 月 前
SDF captured 3 villages: Azman, Belesh and Fernam Xerbi. Raqqa
Map showing control of areas in Northern Aleppo after Al Bab was captured by Euphrates Shield forces9 月 前
Map showing control of areas in Northern Aleppo after Al Bab was captured by Euphrates Shield forces
9 月 前
Rasm al Harmal and Rasm al Sheikh were captured by Tiger Forces in East Aleppo
9 月 前
SAA storming many villages around Deyr Hafer
Cham Wings flight 4331 from Latakia instead of Damascus to Rostov-on-Don this morning9 月 前
Cham Wings flight 4331 from Latakia instead of Damascus to Rostov-on-Don this morning
FSA Free Idlib Army targeting pro-Government forces in Suq Al-Jibs with Grad rockets after takeover from Rebels.9 月 前
FSA Free Idlib Army targeting pro-Government forces in Suq Al-Jibs with Grad rockets after takeover from Rebels.
Putin held a meeting with Security Council of Russia9 月 前
Putin held a meeting with Security Council of Russia
9 月 前
Intense clashes between Syrian Arab Army units and IS in al-Biyarat area towards Palmyra triangle
Euprhates Shield flag planted over Al Bab9 月 前
Euprhates Shield flag planted over Al Bab
FSA Turkmen commander Fehim Isa announced the liberation of al-Bab city from 9 月 前
FSA Turkmen commander Fehim Isa announced the liberation of al-Bab city from "Islamic State". Syria
FSA Turkmen commander Fehim Isa announced the liberation of al-Bab city from
9 月 前
"Dozens of IS fighters were killed and we evacuated more than 50 families from inside Al-Bab," Abu Jaafar of Mutasem Brigades to @AFP
9 月 前
ISIS retreated to Qabasin and Bzaa.
9 月 前
#EuphratesShield announce the librations of Albab city From ISIS , now advancing on Bazaa Qabasin roads
A pic from Bab market area, in the old city of Al Bab.9 月 前
A pic from Bab market area, in the old city of Al Bab.
#EuphratesShield announces full control over Al-Bab.9 月 前
#EuphratesShield announces full control over Al-Bab.
Euphrates Shield forces captured Al-Bab9 月 前
Euphrates Shield forces captured Al-Bab
9 月 前
Turkish army confirms; AlBab town is fully controlled by FSA groups
9 月 前
"We are announcing Al-Bab completely captured... and now clearing mines from residential neighbourhoods." Sultan Murad head to @AFP
Under pressure from FSA operations Daesh withdraw from AlBab, FSA forces are now combing the area9 月 前
Under pressure from FSA operations Daesh withdraw from AlBab, FSA forces are now combing the area
9 月 前
Syria rebels announce capture of Al-Bab from IS
9 月 前
Reports ISIS withdrew from Al-Bab after EuphratesShield forces launched assault from 3 fronts
9 月 前
Syrian Arab Army captured Rasm al-Harmel in east Aleppo countryside
Sultan Murad division flag in Al Bab9 月 前
Sultan Murad division flag in Al Bab
9 月 前
Special source to A24: Negotiations between Daesh and #EuphratesShield forces to retreat of Daesh safety from Albab to DerHafer
SyAAF is targeting the rebels headquarters in Daraa with guided weapons.9 月 前
SyAAF is targeting the rebels headquarters in Daraa with guided weapons.
9 月 前
SDF take control of Qandil al-Sharqi, Mahbash, Abo Jandal villages + 16 farms in north-east Raqqa countryside
Euphrates Shield forces continue to secure Al Bab streets amid reports of full ISIS retreat from the city9 月 前
Euphrates Shield forces continue to secure Al Bab streets amid reports of full ISIS retreat from the city
Turkish airforce hit 14 targets, coalition 1, Turkish T-155s and T-122s artillery Tanks striked 90 ISIS targets9 月 前
Turkish airforce hit 14 targets, coalition 1, Turkish T-155s and T-122s artillery Tanks striked 90 ISIS targets
9 月 前
Al Jazeera reporter: FSA took entire Al Bab
9 月 前
Syria ~80 corpses found in fuel-tanks of Camp "Khazanat"/Khan Shaykhun -executed by "Liwa al Aqsa" before their retreat to Islamic State
9 月 前
Reporter on the ground in Daraa : army advancing several buildings southeast al-Manshiyah
FSA fighter near Usama bin Zaid mosque in Al Bab9 月 前
FSA fighter near Usama bin Zaid mosque in Al Bab
ISIS blowing up Jazal oilfield in eastern Homs cs.9 月 前
ISIS blowing up Jazal oilfield in eastern Homs cs.
9 月 前
FSA kills 4 Daesh fighters and destroys Daesh vehicle mounted with machine gun during heavy combat in Hayt, SW Daraa province
Rebels blown up government positions in Mashiyah district of Daraa9 月 前
Rebels blown up government positions in Mashiyah district of Daraa
9 月 前
Heavy clashes in Granada and Al Vilat districts of Al Bab
9 月 前
Syrian Army advancing toward driving school west of Palmyra
FSA in Al-Bab9 月 前
FSA in Al-Bab
Syria: FSA at al Rai RB at northern alBab9 月 前
Syria: FSA at al Rai RB at northern alBab
#WrathOfEuphrates SDF captured 4 villages:Qandil Shrki, Mhbash,Abu Jandal   and  16 hamlets from ISIS (Makman front)9 月 前
#WrathOfEuphrates SDF captured 4 villages:Qandil Shrki, Mhbash,Abu Jandal and 16 hamlets from ISIS (Makman front)
Turkish Deputy PM rules out granting Syrians citizenship before April 16 charter referendum9 月 前
Turkish Deputy PM rules out granting Syrians citizenship before April 16 charter referendum
Map showing the 3 phases of #WrathOfEuphrates launched by SDF YPG YPJ on Raqqa  and  DeirEzzor countryside9 月 前
Map showing the 3 phases of #WrathOfEuphrates launched by SDF YPG YPJ on Raqqa and DeirEzzor countryside
9 月 前
Syria: Peace talks resume today with low expectations all around